Programming skills

How many ways to turn your new programming skills into a new developer job?

Coding Languages

Software Developers have the inventive minds behind computer programs. These developers develop the applications which permit user interactions through a computer or on other devices, an underlying system that runs the devices or controls a network. Software developers supervise the entire Software Development Life Cycle. They may begin by understanding the requirements of the client overview to use the software by associating with the client to create a theoretical design.

The software developer must understand the core functionality that the user requires from software programs. They also capable of estimating in a broad perspective of user requirements like level of security and performance needs that are apart from the functions of the software. The software developers design the program and pass the instructions to the programmers who perform the computer code and test it.

When the developed program fails to achieve the expected metrics and if the tester experiences any challenge while testing, then the Software Developer returns to the design process to fix the issues and enhance the program quality. Once the program got released to the customer, a software developer intends to perform updates and maintenance.

The developers and computer programmers work together to build the software application successfully. However, in some industries, the software developer alone constructs the code.

Developers who provide the project leadership from planning strategies to each step included in the entire SDLC is sometimes
known as information technology (IT) project managers who handle the progress of the project’s to ensure that it meets deadlines, standards, and cost targets.

There are various computer programming skills required for a software developer or a computer programmer to survive in the IT programming industry.

Below are mentioned some types of developers and the programming skills they use.

1. Front-end Developer (AKA Client-Side Developer)

They are the developer who is mastery in programming human-machine interaction, design principles more than computer science theory, and tweaking details of the visual presentation of UI.

Programming skills required: Design of user interface (UI) and user experience (UX), HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and a growing collection of UI frameworks.

2. Back-end Developer (AKA Server-Side Developer)

The Back-end Developer is an expert in the design, implementation, development of functional core logic, performance, and scalability of a part of a software program or a system running on machines operated from the end-user.

Programming skills required: Java, C, C++, Ruby, Perl, Python, Scala, Go, etc.

3. Full-stack Developer

This developer performs both the front-end and the back-end operations.

They have the prominent set of skills required to construct fully functional web applications.

4. Middle-Tier Developer

The role of the Middle-Tier developer will program the non-UI code that performs on a browser known as “plumbing” of the system. They are not specialized in front-end and back-end operations but can work on a bit of both, not necessarily of being full-stack developers.

These engineers have a set of skills than a career path and limited positions.

5. Web Developer

Web Developers are software engineers, Act as front-end developers, back-end developers, full-stack developers, and middle-tier developers who develop and create the World Wide Web applications using client-server models/websites.

The web developer is authoritative for designing, coding, and optimizing the websites, from layout to functional operations and according to a client’s instructions.

Programming skills required: HTML/CSS skills, Analytical skills, Responsive design skills, JavaScript, Interpersonal skills, Testing and debugging skills, Back-end basics, Search engine optimization.

6. Desktop Developer

A Desktop Developer is a programmer who develops code for software applications that will run on desktop operating systems like Mac OS, Windows, and Linux. 

Previously in the 1980s, these developers are general and exploit themselves in the industries by inexpensive development environments such as Turbo Pascal, Turbo C, Visual Basic, Quick C, Visual Studio, and Delphi.

Desktop developers use the GUI Toolkits like XAML, Cocoa, WinForms, GTK, etc.

7. Mobile Developer

These developers are the kind of software developers are specialized in mobile technology like programming the apps for Google’s Android, Smartphones, Apple’s iOS, Tablets, and Microsoft window platforms. 

Typical employers of mobile developers

  • Software companies
  • The healthcare sector
  • Retailers
  • Entertainment industry
  • Media organizations
  • Travel and tourism industry
  • Financial services
  • Android and iOS app development companies
  • Android and iOS platform development companies

Mobile developers acquire the knowledge of programming languages and software development frameworks for their chosen platforms.

Programming languages required: UI and UX skills, Java for Android, Objective-C for iOS, C# for Windows Phone and Swift, etc.

8. Graphics Developer

Graphics developer are experts in designing the integrated graphics 

and visual effects frameworks included in the system design and development of software applications that delve with rendering, lighting, shadowing graphical elements in applications, games, movies, and media.

Before the technology advancements, a graphics developer built the program from scratch and needs a deep understanding of advanced math. According to the current trend, it became more accessible with the establishment of commercial and open-source frameworks.

Mostly, Graphic Developers do programming in the video game industry, where they tend to design complicated 2D and 3D animated graphics.

Programming skills required: frameworks(OpenGL, Unity 3D, WebGL, and DirectX).

9. Game Developer

It is a generic title to identify a developer who is apt for writing games and have the particular knowledge and skills in designing, development, engaging and interactive gaming experience.

Programming skills required

Frameworks(DirectX, OpenGL, Unity 3D, WebGL). 

Languages(C, C++, Java, JavaScript, Swift and HTML5).

10. Data Scientist

 A Data scientist developer develops a software program to analyze data sets. Generally, they often in charge of machine learning, statistical analysis, data visualization, and predictive modeling.

Programming skills required: SQL, R, Python, Java, Perl, C/C++, SQL, etc.

Frameworks like Hive, Hadoop, Apache Spark

11. Big Data Developer

The Big Data Developer is responsible for designing software programs to store, manage and retrieve large amounts of data in systems as Big Data infrastructures and tools such as data warehouse, ETL (Extract Transform Load) systems, relational databases, data lakes management systems, etc.

They smart enough to serve the Big Data requirements of an organization they are working in and work to solve the Big Data issues and essentials.

Programming skills required: Scala, Linux, MatLab, R, SAS, SQL, Excel, SPSS, etc.

Frameworks: MapReduce, Hadoop, and Spark

Public Clouds: Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Alibaba Cloud, etc.

In-house cloud: OpenStack, Vagrant, Openshift, Docker, Kubernetes, etc.

12. DevOps Developer

This developer has a mastermind in technologies required for the software systems to design, deploy, integrate, administrate back-end software and distributed systems.

Technologies used: Docker, Kubernetes, Apache Mesos, the HashiCorp stack (Vault, Terraform, Packer, Vagrant, Nomad, Consul), Jenkins, Chef, and Ansible, etc.

Programming skills required: Python, Bash, Shell scripting, JavaScript, Ruby, Perl, C/C++, Go, Java.

13. CRM Developer

They are the software developers who develop enhancements for a Customer relationship management(CRM) system depending on any business requirements. It is a digital platform that can manage business relationships with its prospects, leads, and customers to help organizations acquire new customers and nurture existing customers.

CRMs developer make sure the customer interaction with an enterprise digital platform in the smoothest and most efficient way 

that can develop the business specifically to lead generation, lead conversion, customer retention, and overall business profits.

Each organization maintains records of customer behavior. The collected data might include: Purchases, Downloads, Email opens, Coupon use, Newsletter click-throughs, Activations and authorizations, Store visits, Cart abandonment, and Other customer behaviors.

Programming skills required: JavaScript, C#, .NET, HTML, SQL, CRM API, REST/ODATA, SOAP endpoints, Apex, Visualforce.

14. Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET)

They are professional developers responsible for developing a software program to validate the quality of the software systems. They implement automated tests, tools, and Systems to ensure the products and workflow process run as expected. They mainly handle end-users or customers and their experiences.

Programming skills required: Python, Ruby, Selenium, C#,.NET, Java, and other programming languages.

15. Embedded Developer

Embedded software developers are said to design, develop, optimize, and implement the software systems then programmed into devices structured around a microprocessor. Developers implement code to fix the issues and enhance the system performance that makes physical hardware devices work along with software.

For example, iOT devices, real-time systems, set-top boxes, consumer devices, electronic interfaces, hardware drivers, microcontrollers, and serial data transmission fall into this category.

Programming skills required: C, C++, Assembly, Java or proprietary technologies, frameworks, and toolkits.

Tools such as Perforce, Git/SVN.

16. High-Level Developer

High-Level Developer common term for a developer who writes code mostly not related to the hardware in high-level scripting languages like PHP, Perl, Python, and Ruby. Web developers are often called high-level developers, but not always.

17. Low-Level Developer

The developers who write and develop the code are related to the hardware in low-level languages like assembly-C. Embedded developers tend to be low-level developers, but not always.

18. WordPress Developer

They are a massive group of specialized web developers who designs and customize themes and plugins for WordPress and administer WordPress sites.

Programming skills required: PHP, JavaScript, and HTML, etc.

19. Security Developer

The security software developer is a new breed of technologist in creating systems, methods, and procedures guide to test the security of a software system and utilize and fix security defects. They work as a “white-hat” ethical hacker.

Programming skills required: HTML, JavaScript, C, Python, Assembly, C++, PHP, etc.

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